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The 18th century was a time of growth for the University, especially in the area of natural sciences. King Gustav III donated the Royal Castle Gardens to the university, which was later renamed as the Botanical Garden. It was also during this time that Carl Linnaeus became a professor, gaining international acclaim, attracting visitors from all over the world, as well as sending his own students on expeditions to several different countries.

There were other well-known scholars beside Linnaeus making a name for themselves in this era as well. The astronomer, Anders Celsius devised a thermometer which we use today. Nils Rosén on the Faculty of Medicine was a pioneer in pediatric medicine.  Torbern Bergman, a chemistry professor, collaborated with Carl Wilhelm Scheele to ascertain various elements, such as oxygen. Following in the footsteps of these notable scientists, there have been eight Nobel laureates who have been affiliated with Uppsala University.

university bldg

Photo: The University Hall. Photo Erik Grandin.

Many changes came under way during the 19th century. The educated middle class took a more prominent role in political issues, so too did the student body at the school. The student union was formed in 1849, directed by a board consisting of representatives from each student nation. Women were permitted to study at the University beginning in the 1870s. Perhaps the most famous scholar of this era was Erik Gustaf Geijer, a historian whose statue stands in front of the main university building. The building, called University Hall was presented by the Swedish State to mark the 400th anniversary of the school and officially opened in 1887.

Today over 40 thousand students are enrolled each year at Uppsala University, with about half of them studying full time. The school’s profile is as a research university and it has around 3,000 research partnerships around the world.